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Generalized Linear Models for Survey Data Options

This dialog lets you specify output and options for generalized linear models for survey data.


Specifies which items of output are to be displayed in the Output window.

Model Details of the model that has been fitted
Summary A summary analysis of variance, or analysis of deviance in generalized linear models
Estimates The estimates for the model parameters and standard errors
Wald tests Wald tests for the parameters
Predictions Predictions from bootstrapping
Monitoring Monitoring of progress of the bootstrap samples

Dispersion parameter

Controls whether the dispersion parameter for the variance of the response is estimated from the residual mean square of the fitted model, or fixed at a given value. The dispersion parameter (fixed or estimated) is used when calculating standard errors and standardized residuals. In models with the binomial or Poisson distributions, the dispersion should be fixed at 1 unless a heterogeneity parameter is to be estimated.

Estimate constant term

When selected, a constant term is included in the model.

Factorial limit on model terms

For the model you can control the maximum order of interaction to be generated when you use model-formula operators like *. The default is to include all interactions, up to those involving nine variates or factors.

Variance estimation

For a Normal distribution model you can specify to use a Taylor series approximation or Bootstrap method for the variance estimation. For other distributions you can specify a Simple approximation or Bootstrap method.

Number of bootstrap samples

The number of bootstrap samples. For an exploratory analyses a relatively low value can be supplied, i.e. 20, however, where test statistics or confidence limits are required a value of least 500 is recommended.

Bootstrap method

In a one-stage design, selecting simple will form each bootstrap sample by sampling with replacement from the original sample within each stratum. In a two-stage design, primary sampling units are first sampled with replacement, and then secondary units are sampled with replacement within the selected primary units. Variance estimates from the bootstrapping process will be biased where there are very few sampling units in each stratum and so the method is not recommended in this situation.

For a cluster sample the Simple setting samples primary sampling units with replacement as for the two-stage design, but does not resample within the secondary units. The setting Sarndal is only available for one-stage designs. This method constructs a “pseudo-population” by replicating each sampled unit by the rounded value of its weight, so that, for example an observation with weight 16.1 is represented sixteen times in the pseudo-population. The bootstrap sample is formed by sampling with replacement from this pseudo-population.


Specifies the seed to use for the bootstrapping. The default value of zero continues an existing sequence of random numbers or, if the generator has not yet been used in this run of Genstat, initializes the generator automatically.

Confidence limit (%)

Lets you control the confidence limit to use for the confidence intervals for the estimates and predictions. The limit is expressed as a percentage and must be in the range 0-100.

Specify prediction values

When the bootstrap variance estimation method is selected this opens a dialog that lets you specify values to predict from the model.

Action buttons

OK Save the option settings and close the dialog.
Cancel Close the dialog without making any changes.
Defaults Reset the options to their default settings.

Action Icons

Clear Clear all fields and list boxes.
Help Open the Help topic for this dialog.

See also

Updated on July 10, 2019

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