1. Home
  2. Repeated Measures – Data in Parallel

Repeated Measures – Data in Parallel

Select menu: Stats | Mixed Models (REML) | Repeated Measures | Data in Parallel

This dialog provides facilities for repeated measurements analysis using the method of residual maximum likelihood (REML), which is also sometimes called restricted maximum likelihood. The dialog expects the measurements to be within multiple variate, where each variate represents a different time point.

  1. After you have imported your data, from the menu select 
    Stats | Mixed Models (REML) | Repeated Measurements | Data in Multiple Variates.
    Stats | Repeated Measurements | Correlation Models by REML | Data in Multiple Variates.
  2. Fill in the fields as required then click Run.

You can set additional Options then after running, you can save the results by clicking Save.

Available data

This lists data structures appropriate to the current input field. The contents will change as you move from one field to the next. Double-click on a name to copy it to the current input field or type the name.


This specifies the list of data variates containing the measurements to be analysed. You can transfer multiple selections from Available data by holding the Ctrl key on your keyboard while selecting items, then click to move them all across in one action.

Time points

A variate or list of values specifying the time points for the observations for the subjects. The number of values in the variate or list must equal the number of variates entered in the Data field. If the values are entered using a list, the items in that list can be separated by spaces or commas.


This gives the fixed model that describes imposed treatment factors and covariates for which the effect of specified levels or values are of interest. The model is described using a formula, which can combine main effects and interactions of factors and also covariates.

Additional random terms

A formula specifying random model terms, additional to the subjects and times, which are to be fitted in the repeated measures model.

Equally spaced time-points

Specifies whether the times of measurement are equally spaced or irregular. The available types of correlation model that can be fitted will differ according to whether the time points are equally spaced or irregular.

Model for correlation within subject across time

Lists the available correlation models that can be fitted. The types of models available will depend on the form of the repeated measurements i.e. whether the time-points are equally spaced or whether the time-points are the same for all subjects.

Allow heterogeneity across time

For the models defined in terms of correlation matrices, that is, the AR, uniform, power and ante-dependence models, it may sometimes be desirable to allow for unequal variances. Select this option to allow heterogeneity across time.

Additional uniform correlation within subject

Specifies whether you want to include additional uniform correlation within subject into the model. This is equivalent to including a random term for subjects, i.e. it adds a term for between-subject variation, which imposes an additional correlation between the observations within each subject. This is the same as what happens in an ordinary randomized-block design – fitting the block term says that the pair of plots within the same block are more similar i.e. have a larger correlation than a pair from different blocks.


This provides a quick way of entering operators in the fixed model formula. Double-click on the required symbol to copy it to the current input field. You can also type in operators directly. See model formula for a description of each.

Action buttons

Run Run the analysis.
Cancel Close the dialog without further changes.
Options Opens a dialog where additional options and settings can be specified for the analysis.
Defaults Reset options to the default settings. Clicking the right mouse on this button produces a shortcut menu where you can choose to set the options using the currently stored defaults or the Genstat default settings.
Save Opens a dialog where you can save results from the analysis.
Predict Allows you form predictions based on the current model.
Further output Opens a dialog for specifying further output from the analysis and displaying residual and means plots.

Action Icons

Pin Controls whether to keep the dialog open when you click Run. When the pin is down  the dialog will remain open, otherwise when the pin is up  the dialog will close.
Restore Restore names into edit fields and default settings.
Clear Clear all fields and list boxes.
Help Open the Help topic for this dialog.

See also

  • Options for specifying output options
  • Further Output for obtaining additional output
    after fitting a model
  • Save for saving the results from a REML analysis
  • REML directive for command mode use of REML, with additional options to
    control the algorithm and for more sophisticated analyses.
  • REML Predictions menu for forming predictions.
Updated on March 30, 2023

Was this article helpful?