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Generate a Fractional Factorial Design

Select menu: Stats | Design | Generate a Fractional Factorial Design

Use this to generate an efficient fractional factorial design using the minimum aberration algorithm of Laycock & Rowley (1995). To explain minimum aberration for a block design, we start by defining the resolution of a design as the largest integer r such that no interaction term with r factors is confounded with blocks. The aberration of the design is the number of interaction terms with r+1 factors that are confounded.

A minimum aberration design is defined as a design with the smallest aberration out of the designs with the highest available resolution. So, essentially this minimizes the number of interactions with the minimum number of factors that are confounded. The fractional factorial is constructed by taking only one block from the block design, and the terms that were confounded with blocks in the block design become aliased in the fractional factorial.

  1. From the menu select 
    Stats | Design | Generate a Fractional Factorial Design.
  2. Fill in the fields as required then click Run.

You can set additional Options before generating the design.

Number of treatment factors

The number of treatment factors for the design.

Treatment factor names

Provides a list of the treatment factor names to use in the generated design. The number of items in the list is controlled by the Number of treatment factors option. To change a name either click or double-click on the name in the list and rename it as required.

Number of levels for all treatment factors

Specifies the number of levels. Each treatment factor must contain the same number of levels. The number of levels must be a prime number (e.g. 2, 3, 5, 7, 11) or 4.

Number of units in each block

Specifies the number of the units in each block; this must be a power of the number of levels.

Name of the sub-block factor

Specifies the name for the identifier for the sub-blocks.

Pseudo-factors for ANOVA

Designs where the treatment factors have more than two levels may require pseudo-factors to be defined in order for them to be analysed by analysis of variance. This option can be used to specify the name of the pseudo-factors.

Number of block for fractional factorial

The number of the block to form the fractional factorial. Alternatively, a zero can be supplied to take a block at random.

Number of units in sub-blocks

Defines the size of the sub-blocks for a fractional factorial. This must be a power of the number of levels.


Specifies additional options for randomizing and displaying the design.

Randomize design When selected, the design will be randomized, otherwise the units will be in standard order. You can set the seed for the randomization using the Randomization seed option.
Display design in a spreadsheet When selected, the resulting design will be put into a spreadsheet window.

Action buttons

Run Generate the design.
Cancel Close the dialog without further changes.
Options Opens a dialog where additional options and settings can be specified for the designs.
Defaults Reset options to the default settings. Clicking the right mouse on this button produces a pop-up menu where you can choose to reset the fields using the currently stored defaults or the Genstat default settings.

Action Icons

Pin Controls whether to keep the dialog open when you click Run. When the pin is down  the dialog will remain open, otherwise when the pin is up  the dialog will close.
Restore Restore names into edit fields and default settings.
Clear Clear all fields and list boxes.
Help Open the Help topic for this dialog.

See also

Updated on October 28, 2020

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